• The ball must be made of leather or synthetic leather.

  • The circumference of the ball should be 65-67 cm.


  • The net height is 7.4 feet.

  • The width of the net is one meter.


  • The court is 9 meters X 18 meters, divided into equal square halves by a net.

  • A line 3 meters from and parallel to the net is considered the “attack line”. The 3 meter line divides the court into “back row” and “front row” areas. These are in turn divided into 3 areas each. The areas are numbered as follows, starting from area “1”, which is the position of the serving player and goes to area “6” in a clockwise rotation around half the court (review Rotation below).


  • A team will rotate its players each time they win the serve.

  • Players shall rotate in a clockwise manner.

  • There shall be 6 players on each side.


  • A coin toss determines which team gets to serve first in the set. After the first set, each subsequent set will be served by the previous losing team.

  • A player from the serving team serves the ball over the net to the opposing side of the court.

  • The team on defense should attempt to hit the ball back across to the opposing side of the court.

  • Play continues until the ball is out of play.

  • There is a maximum of three hits per side.

  • Players may not hit the ball twice in succession (A block is not considered a hit)

  • A ball may be played off the net during a volley and on serve.

  • A ball touching a boundary line is considered in.

  • A legal hit is when a player contacts the ball by his/ her body above and including the wrist, but does not allow the ball to visibly come to a rest.

  • If two or more players contact the ball simultaneously, it is considered one play and the players involved may not participate in the next play.

  • A player must not block or attack a serve.

  • After the serve, only frontline players may switch positions.


  • The server must serve from behind the end line until after contact.

  • The ball may be served underhand or overhand.

  • The ball must be clearly visible to opponents before the serve.

  • A served ball may graze the net and drop to the other side for a point.

  • A serve must be returned by a bump only, no setting or attacking on a serve is allowed.


  • Rally scoring will be used.

  • There will be a point scored when:

  1. The ball contacts the floor within the court boundaries or

  2. An error is made.

  • The offense will score when a defense misses or hits out of bounds.

  • The defense will score when an offense misses, hits out of bounds, or serves into the net.

  • If a ball hits the line, the ball is counted as in.

  • Whichever team wins the point will serve next.

  • Sets will be played to 15 points or 10 minutes.

  • Games will be determined by best two out of three.

  • Teams must win by 2 points.


Violations incur when a player or team:

  • Steps on or over the line on a serve,

  • Fails to serve the ball over the net successfully,

  • Hits the ball illegally (carrying, palming, throwing, etc.),

  • Touches the net with any part of the body while the ball is in play,

  • Reaches over the net, except under these conditions:

  1. When executing a follow-through,

  2. When blocking a ball which is in the opponent’s court but is being returned (the blocker must make no contact with the ball until after the opponent who is attempting to return the ball makes contact. Except to block the third play.)

  • Reaches under the net (if it interferes with the ball or opposing player),

  • Fails to serve in the correct order,

  • Blocks or spikes from a position which is clearly not behind the 10-foot line while in a back row position.